Solar Panel Structures
Think there is only 1 way to install solar panels for your residence or enterprise? 1 by means of 23, wherein like reference numerals refer to like components in the different views, there is illustrated a new and improved modular floating help structure for a solar panel array, usually denominated one hundred herein. Therefore, I can only recommend for peace of thoughts that a diode is inserted throughout installation to stop energy floating back across the panel throughout the night. Roof Mount systems can be utilised with various roof sorts and Ground Mount systems can be secured on conventional concrete footings or on the easy to install ground screw foundations. Let’s take a closer appear at the distinct mounting alternatives for your solar PV project. That becoming stated, if your house isn’t ideal for rooftop solar, installing a ground-mounted program can actually save you a lot more cash in the extended run. If that is important to you, then rooftop panels may possibly be a better selection. A technology which is becoming a lot more popular is the addition of DC power optimisers within the solar panel. EnergySage reviewed product specifications for the leading ten solar panel brands most often provided to home owners in the EnergySage Solar Marketplace and compared the weight of their normal 60-cell residential solar panels. And an additional $128 compared to the 12 panel program mounted on tilt-frames at 34°. To do this all I have to do is disconnect my cables from the solar panels that go to my solar generator. There are a couple crucial advantages of employing a pole mount alternatively of a roof or ground mount. Hi Sr,One particular Question,Im Fascinating in Solar Panels,Do you have how I can made them?. Rack mount: The PV panels are captured by a metal framework specially created to let straightforward attachment and detachment of the panels. I am also not huge on obtaining a permanent installation of panels for a solar generator since in the event of a all-natural disaster I could shed my whole investment. This is no various with the solar mounting racks and frames that we offer you. The most common solar mounting alternative, railed systems typically include two rails positioned parallel to every other and wide sufficient apart to allow a solar panel to nest on leading of them. Regardless of whether we are talking about economical crisis, energy outage or shortage, living off the grid or dealing with SHTF of any kind, it is specific that solar energy is 1 of the best and most practical techniques of employing electrical energy and delivering your house with electricity. To accomplish this, the mooring method for the inventive floating support technique is developed to distribute the forces equally at mooring support points of the array. The bus wire need to then go at the end of each and every line of solar cells, so that you could get a single extended line produced of numerous solar cells across the longitude of the principal frame. As with any huge ticket acquire, shopping for a solar panel installation requires a lot of research and consideration, such as a thorough review of the businesses in your area. Utilizing the PVWatts site I see that if east facing panels in Melbourne at ten degrees are changed to north facing panels at ten degrees, assuming identical shading situations, they will create 7% far more. For larger industrial rooftop systems, the monetary losses are larger but still rarely adequate to warrant the price of washing the panels. 7, there are shown connections 210 made amongst east-west frame members 124a to 124c, and 124b to 124d, of adjoining array modules 120a, 120b. Lastly, ground-mounted solar panels are really simple to access for cleaning and upkeep. Solar panels must be tilted toward the sun to maximize their production. MPP (Maximum energy point) of the solar panel consists of MPP voltage (V mpp) and MPP current (I mpp): it is a capacity of the solar panel and the larger value can make larger MPP. Standard ground mounts are generally installed at a fixed angle and position, even though there are adjustable alternatives for certain applications. There is no air gap between the roof and the panels, so there is no cooling. Read our article about tilt & azimuth angle for an in-depth walkthrough on how to find the perfect angle to mount your solar panels. PET is a plastic coating considerably like what disposable water bottles are created of. The point to do is get versatile solar panels that have an ETFE finish which is assured to last for 20+ years. On the unfavorable side, ground-mounted systems are far more pricey than roof-mount because they require concrete posts and rigid frames. The business top functionality warranty is supplied on both the SunPower Maxeon two and 3 series panels of up to 92%.
This bigger frame can help a solar panel of up to 90 cm width. Furthermore, the present fastening system is preassembled to a developing roof by way of an effortless to set up roof clamp, prior to assembly of the solar panel assembly to the fastening program. We will always make sure that the mounting program fits the panels you are soon after. A variety of merchandise, solar cell technologies and accessories suitable for ships are obtainable and customized panels are also possible upon request. These mounts are desirable for a lot of solar power systems due to the fact they preserve the panels up and out of the way, which is also the most typical spot for optimal sunlight. When a solar panel is exposed to sunlight, the photon of sunlight knocks out the electron (-ve charge) of the solar cell and hence it acts as a supply of electron and therefore the supply of existing. 0019 Far more particularly, a standard array is designed to be supported at the north and south ends with the continuous tension mooring layout with 4 continuous rope segments, one for every quadrant of the array. As PV cells have grow to be much more effective they in turn generate a lot more present and more than recent years most companies have moved from three busbars to five or 6 busbars. SolarEdge differs to Tigo in that the SolarEdge optimisers have to be utilised together with the SolarEdge inverters, even though the Tigo optimisers can be be attached to any current panels as an add-on optimiser. Although the price tag of solar panels continues to drop, new innovations in solar mounting will also bring the all round installation price down as properly. They have mounting systems accessible for pitched roofs, flat roofs, ground mounting options and non-penetrating standing seam metal roof options. Considering that 1996, Solar Electric Supply has supplied the finest solar panel mounts from trustworthy producers. They’re a sensible environmental choice, because they harness solar power from the sun and transform it into electrical energy through solar panels. Pole mounted trackers that support 4 to 12 PV modules are offered and frequently used for small stand-alone systems, particularly water pumping applications. Pole mounts can be installed above foliage & snow banks to hold the panels clear of debris. Hence, considerably of the incident sunlight power is wasted by solar modules, and they can give far greater efficiencies if illuminated with monochromatic light. As straightforward to set up as hanging a image frame on a hook on the wall, your solar technician will simply attach your solar panel to the pre-installed mounting hardware and you are carried out. Paying to have solar panels cleaned is typically not a good investment researchers located panels that had not been cleaned, or rained on, for 145 days during a summer season drought in California, lost only 7.four% of their efficiency. Based on the climate, your roof’s construction, and your solar energy demands, horizontal solar panel installation might be the correct choice for your property. Most residential rooftops tend to be sloped close adequate to this optimal mounting angle that they don’t need to have any further tilt adjustments. Solar panel frames will vary drastically in shapes, size and weights. On the other hand, panels on the ground can interfere with your home’s all round aesthetic a lot more than they would on the roof. 12. The floating assistance structure of claim 9, wherein the connected array modules are arranged in a typically rectangular or square array geometry functionally divided into quadrants employing a N-S axis an E-W axis as dividing lines so as to kind NW, NE, SE, and SW quadrants, and wherein mentioned mooring and anchoring system makes use of a single continuous operating line for every of stated 4 quadrants. I would advocate GEM Energy to anybody seeking for a Solar PV provider. TRITEC’s product variety contains higher-top quality PV mounting systems, solar modules, inverters, solar storage systems, sensors and PV accessories. Before deciding on solar panel mounts for your property, it is essential to locate out how a lot every single will expense you, like the labor to have them installed. You can of course mix and match our hardware and strategies to produce specifically what you need to have to suit your boat and the solar panels you have selected. SolarTown provides all the required clamps or cap strips to help your installation. There is some variation from brand to brand, and if you’re installing a huge-scale solar panel method (such as for a warehouse or a municipal creating) your panels will be closer to six feet lengthy.
With 5 solar panels on the stand that would mean that the solar panels would weigh 80lbs on the low end. If your roof isn’t positioned to allow this, then ground panels can be a excellent alternative. You will want to use a ruler and a pencil to draw the lines so that you would later know how to separate your solar cells and get the maximal efficiency out of your material. One particular of the frames initially engaging at least one particular of the hooks of at least a very first of the catches and then becoming rotated to a position against at least a second of the catches whereafter the second catch is laterally slid relative to the first catch and photovoltaic panel so as to engage the second frame with at least 1 of the hooks of the second catch, the second catch subsequently becoming removably secured. Roof Runner are extremely pleased to introduce our brand new Solar Steel SS UB Ultra base PV assistance system. Note that some systems require optimistic earthing and most need adverse earthing, based on the type of solar panels and inverter combinations employed. If you’ve got a roof, and it does not face south and it is not totally shaded he’ll bang the panels on, and move on to the subsequent job. A ground-mounted technique is just what it sounds like – a method of solar panels that are mounted on the ground on your home, rather than on the roof of your residence. IronRidge customers appreciate that they can count on their solar panel mounts. You can even make your template waterproof by making use of some water resistant paint and paint the board you are making use of as a base for your solar panel. Need to I get get tilt frames installed – some say yes and other people no – so i dont know who to believe. The complete wood solar panels assistance frame in the video above was done with a budget of significantly less than $200. Scientists from Spectrolab, a subsidiary of Boeing , have reported improvement of multi-junction solar cells with an efficiency of more than 40%, a new globe record for solar photovoltaic cells. Practically nothing exasperates me more than seeing panels installed by so-referred to as experts that have tilt frames to add a handful of degrees of tilt on a roof that is currently tilted North at about 15 Degrees, or twisted at an angle across the roof to aim slightly far more Northwards. He is only happy if the solar panel is positioned for the absolute optimum power output – he is a perfectionist, hugely technical, and has been in the business since the dawn of solar, when solar panels expense ten instances what they do right now. Before you take your solar panel out and place it where planned, you will once more require to use the multimeter to test the amperage and voltage of your solar cells. Fitting and Installation Service: In addition to a fitting service for motorhome and caravan solar panel kits we also install a wide variety of accessories by means of our sister firm the Motorhome Workshop, which includes Gas Systems , Generators , Reversing Cameras , WiFi and much more. In order to assemble the solar cells properly, just like with linking batteries, you will have to connect negative with positive sides. In that spirit, we are presenting a short and easy-to-stick to tutorial on how to make your personal solar panels and start providing your home with eco-friendly and cost-powerful option that could even come as handy in many SHTF scenarios. Solar electric panel arrays for stand-alone systems are installed in a lot of distinctive and innovative ways. If it’s quite windy I will add the third crossbeam to the whole stand and then use the center grommets on the solar panels along with the ball bungees to aid the panels not flap about. Aluminum solar panel frames are employed in combination with aluminum mounting brackets to provide adequate support to solar panels. HJT solar cells use a base of frequent crystalline silicon with additional thin film layers of amorphous silicon on either side of the cell forming what is recognized as the heterojunction. With GEM Energy you can rest assured that your solar mounting method is secure, custom fitted and will last you for decades to come. If you laid the panels flat on your south facing roof and it has a 22.five degree tilt, then for each and every kilowatt of capacity they would create an typical of two.64 kilowatt-hours a day. To make matters worse a sailing vessel is highly space constrained, and large solar panels will simply encroach upon boat operations and crew comfort. Direct mount: The panels are attached directly to the roof. An additional strategy is to integrate flexible solar panels into a Bimini or spray dodgers as shown above – see video beneath.
66 There are solutions to handle the more than voltage problem, such as regulating PV inverter power element, new voltage and energy control gear at the electrical energy distributor level, re-conducting the electrical energy wires, demand side management, and so on. Typically I would anticipate tilt frames to add far more than $400-500 to the cost of a 6.6 kilowatt system. Since solar panel frames differ so often, they are the most intricate to produce as nicely as the most interesting. Another thing to spend attention to are the sides of the solar cells as your solar panel won’t operate at all or will not be operating correctly if the cells are not connected in the following manner: the bottom of the cells is good and the top is damaging. Quantified the energy yield ahead of deciding where to stick the panels – I want everybody was so scientific in their method as an alternative of the wild assed guesses you frequently see. The ground generally offers much more room to install far more panels than the roof does. One more emerging PV technologies employing MJ-cells is concentrator photovoltaics ( CPV ). A big advantage of ‘add-on’ optimisers such as these from Tigo and SolarEdge is the capacity to monitor the functionality of every solar panel individually, this can also assist highlight any faults and troubles in a solar array. 0024 On occasion, the inventive floating technique for a solar panel array will be installed on a physique of water getting a variable water level. 10A-10D are schematic best strategy views displaying an assembly scheme for the array modules, 1st involving the coupling of single array modules 100 in the east- west direction by connecting E-W frame members 124 making use of splices 212 to create a 3-module row 250 FIG. A-1 Engineering will assess the construction and the condition of the roof framing technique to estimate no matter whether the framing can assistance the weight of the new solar panels. You can also decide on from is alloy solar panel support frame There are 233 suppliers who sells solar panel help frame on , mostly positioned in Asia. We have worked with local solar power contractors to develop and construct solar power help frames. We now have a use for our fourth solar panel, and we couldn’t be happier with how the PVC mount turned out. In practice, if you want more output, it is far much more cost-powerful to add 1 or 2 further panels to your array (presuming you have space). A handful of years ago, when panels had been 5x the value, this would have been an insane suggestion (and some old school solar installers still believe it is a terrible waste!). Stand-off mount: The panels are supported by a frame constructed above the roof. A advantage of skipping the rails (besides saving a bit of cash) is that you are not forced to fit your solar panels amongst these two rails only. They give you simple, secure mounts for a solar panel frame that won’t draw consideration to itself. Reason some individuals do not like the versatile solar panels is that they do not final as long as the rigid panels. A ground-mounted installation involves a frame that is built for your solar modules which tilts them up to an optimal angle (around 30 degrees) and faces due North (in Australia). Minimize your ground mounting fees with this prefabricated, compact mounting package. Even so, in all situations the mooring and anchoring design and style is configured to create equal force resistance to each array support point through the use of a continuous and running mooring line. The very first type of solar cell created in 1954 by Bell labs utilized an N-kind doped silicon wafer but more than time the more expense efficient P-sort silicon became the dominant cell type with more than 80% of the international marketplace in 2017 utilizing P-type cells. 0025 From the foregoing, it will be noticed that it is a principal object of the present invention to offer a new and enhanced modular floating support structure for a solar panel array. The panels and the mounting rack together weigh a total of 35lbs which is very easily picked up and moved about wherever I require it. With roof pitch dollar 2m square collector mounting frame. We’ve all observed Solar PV panels mounted on people’s roofs and on the roofs of companies, so here’s a rundown of the possibilities to get them up there. Solar mounting systems can be customized to suit any photovoltaic (PV) project by altering the orientation, elevation and angle of the solar array to maximize its energy productivity. But for ground mounts, the rails want to be set on a substructure of 2” or 3” steel pipe.
0031 An additional object is to offer a floating assistance system for a solar panel array that can be deployed on tiny and large bodies of water, such as agricultural reservoirs, water district retention ponds, large reservoirs, lakes, ponds, and the like. The quantity of direct sunlight could influence the direction in which your solar panels are installed. With roof pitch solar 2m Squared Thermosiphon collector mounting frame. If you choose making over getting solar cells, you will need to have to repeat this process until you reach the quantity of cells you need for your DIY solar panel. Of the best brands that we compared, the lightest was SunPower, with some panels weighing as small as 33 pounds. 9. The floating help structure of claim 8, wherein a solar panel array is divided into quadrants, and mentioned mooring and anchoring program consists of 4 continuous mooring line segments, 1 for each and every quadrant of the array. Show case your PV panels with a uniquely, fashionable help technique. This system can be implemented on open ground attached to concrete foundations or on a tin roof with a low angle of slope for that extra strength. Solar pv panel mounting frames supply a straightforward answer for safe and safe installation of a solar array. Each client has special requirements, and ISA Corporation will perform individually with every one to generate sustainable and expense-powerful mounting elevated racks and frames. Flush mounted evacuated tube help frame fixings for sheet metal roof. 17, 2008 and five,715,640 entitled Mounting Device for Controlling Uplift of a Metal Roof” which issued to Haddock on Feb. As a guide, this mounting system is £2500+VAT for systems of up to 29 panels. Nowadays, you’d be much better off utilizing a fixed ground mount or pole mount and adding a few much more panels to cover the added output. It is simpler to have a continuous row of solar panels if they are installed vertically. Installation is the fastest with these new non-penetrating systems because your solar provider doesn’t have to locate a rafter, drill into it, and then set up your rails and your solar panels. The leading nations of supplier is China, from which the percentage of solar panel assistance frame supply is one hundred% respectively. Solar cells are one particular of the most essential supplies for generating your solar panels. Solar panels are produced making use of a series of PV cells protected by glass, EVA and a protective back sheet housed in a tough aluminium frame. Even if you are a excellent candidate for a rooftop solar energy technique, there are a lot of positive aspects to deciding on a ground-mounted solar panel method. Shingled cells are an emerging technologies which uses overlapping thin cell strips which can be assembled either horizontally or vertically across the panel. Solar tracking systems are add-ons to solar mounts that are created to support turn the panels to face directly at the sun throughout the day. Due to the fact you need to have to leave extra space among the panels so that 1 row of panels doesn’t cast a shadow on the row behind it. I also consider that tilt frames are butt-ugly. Illustrate a constructing 21 getting a tilted roof 23, preferably produced from sheet metal sections joined together at folded over, raised standing seams 25. Auxiliary roof elements, preferably a number of photovoltaic or solar panel assemblies 27, are secured to seams 25 by way of a number of fastening systems 29. Each photovoltaic panel assembly involves metal and glass sheets 30 with silicon wafers, attached to peripheral mounting frames 111. Now, there are lots of things to contemplate here: 1st you need to have to strategy your budget so you would know how significantly funds you have to invest and then you can move onto choosing out solar cells. These are often referred to as BIPV, or Developing Integrated PV. You save on the cost of roofing supplies, and the visual appearance is nice. They come in different types to suit the installation, such as tilt frame, tilt legs, flat roof-mounted or ground-mounted. They are also surprisingly cost-effective, since they can frequently and easily be flat mounted to the roof. Here we highlight the best quality solar panel producers utilizing the latest solar cell innovations to develop the most effective and reliable panels with the longest life and highest performance. With purlin roofs, the module is horizontally mounted for clip mounting, as a regular. As the snow settles on the bottom of the solar panels, it will hold the strings of solar cells that run lengthwise along the solar panel clear of snow and capable to convert sunlight into energy.
If you are retrofitting an existing constructing, it really is not worth it to use integrated mount since of the cost and waste of removing the current roofing supplies and throwing them away. So, if I utilized one solar panel stand leg set for each panel that would price about $250 for 5 solar panels or as significantly as $500 if the less costly stand legs were out of stock or not accessible and had to get the thicker ones. I employed PVWatts to assess my install and discovered that the cost of an $800 tilt frame would take ten years to recoup the while 1 further panel would take two.five years and two would take only 2.6 years. I am pondering it will be a very good concept to tilt the panel toward the sun in winter and when summer comes, adjust the panel near flat or 10″ to maximise the output. The less power intensive casting procedure reduces the cost of manufacturing mono cells. 72-cell industrial solar panels are around 13 inches longer than 60-cell residential panels. You can use either a standard ground mount, which fixes the panels in a single place, or a pole mount, which puts them larger off the ground. Tilt legs just lift the panels up to a fixed angle, so that they face directly into the sunlight. IronRidge is a top PV racking manufacturer creating top quality roof-mount racking. Also, it is essential to accomplish a firm and safe attachment of the array mounting brackets to the roof. All of our solar mounting equipment suppliers are authorized by the CEC (Clean Energy Council) which implies that their merchandise tick all the boxes when it comes to compliance and security. We carry a wide selection of solar panel mounting alternatives to assessment for your distinct solar panel power project. Companies making dual glass solar panels include Jinko solar, LONGi Solar, Trina Solar, Yingli Solar and JA solar. A number of manufactures such as LG power , REC, Trina and Canadian Solar have gone one step further and developed multi-busbar (MBB) systems using up to 12 or 16 really thin round wires rather than flat busbars. These elements provide worldwide array field stability by transferring the wind forces from the array field to strategic mooring assistance points. That signifies that now it is the time to glue all these lines of cells to the principal frame and across the perforated frame. A newcomer on the solar mounting scene, non-penetrating and ballasted (or weighted) mounting systems are becoming super popular thanks to the reality that you do not have to drill, screw, or bolt anything to your roof. If they are tilted they will execute much better but that will increase the expense of installation and you may possibly not be capable to match as numerous panels as if they had been laid flat against the roof. You will save a lot of cash by going by way of this DIY solar panel project and making your own solar panel, as well, as solar power systems typically expense a lot of money. Pole Mounts help up to 2.5kW of PV panels per 8” pole (accessible separately). The IronRidge SGA ground mount uses XR1000 rail, which is the same equipment employed for heavy-duty roof mounts. You have your frame prepared and the holes are drilled, you have connected all the cells in several lines to match the length of your main frame. We attach clamps to the standing seam of the roof, then either a rail is attached to the clamps or the solar PV panels are fixed directly to the standing seam clamps. As plants use the sun’s energy to produce energy which is food for them, solar cells are using the same energy drawn from the sunlight in order to develop electricity you can use to offer your home with electrical energy and energy anything that runs on DC current as soon as your DIY solar panels are done. Our style & consulting services incorporate green ship & eco ship notion styles, renewable power surveys, renewable power systems design & consulting assistance for new ship and retrofit projects. The energy temperature coefficient is the quantity of power loss as cell temperature increases. When you think of solar panels, you generally image them on the roof of your house. You can place your solar panels anywhere, in any path. Solarframe solar mounting systems manufacture and distribute PV mounting solutions throughout Southern Africa. Because you happen to be removing an complete rail from the equation, you’ll have one particular significantly less rail to pay for and install, fewer entry points in your roof, and you can position your solar panels the greatest way for creating solar power. PV cells come in a normal size of 156 mm by 156 mm, which is about 6 inches lengthy and 6 inches wide.
0032 Yet an additional object is to give a floating solar panel assistance method that has minimum volume for shipping. This mount relies on the weight of the PV array, as properly as concrete blocks, to hold the system in place. The term solar panel is employed colloquially for a photo-voltaic (PV) module. These make it less difficult to remove your solar panels at a later date, or to replace the roofing on your residence without having disturbing the panels themselves. Range of specialized and versatile photovoltaic modules (PV) for ship SOLAR Power and marine use offered. A solar panel mount (or solar racking method) is the foundation that holds your solar array in place. If you believe there is a great chance you’ll want to expand the size of your solar array in the future, it tends to make sense to get a larger mount rather than a smaller one. The Support is pre-assembled,just open it and repair the rail,four methods finish the addition,The tilt-in module can be put into the extruded rail from the any location and can be higher pre-assembled with the these minimizes the time and price of installation. I believe permanent installations are just fine for solar panels but with a solar generator , a portable solar panel mount is truly useful. ISA Corporation has years of encounter constructing and installing solar panel frames and elevated mounting racks. There is one more option, referred to as ground-mounted solar panels. Both of these solar panel mounting frames can be modified to suit your application. Ground Mounts allow you to pick the optimal tilt angle in a south-facing path. High good quality, extended lasting, effectively created options for mounting PV modules and arrays. The whole solar panel stand frame simply breaks down to be quite portable as nicely when not in use. The business is now pushing the boundaries with the new Tiger range of higher-efficiency solar panels. Do not attach solar panel to pole mount till mount is securely match, and pole base has been secured. The Triangle Tilt Mounting Method can be utilized on open ground or on your roof for that added strength. Lastly, I would suggest if you have flooded batteries to make specific there is a lot of water in the batteries prior to the solar panels get to operate and monitor the charge meticulously for a handful of weeks so you strike the balance between charge and consumption. You will use the solder flux for removing the grease out of the solar cells you have and a hand saw is certainly extremely necessary as there will be lots of cutting involved. Photo-voltaic cells use sunlight as a source of energy and produce direct present electrical energy A collection of PV modules is referred to as a PV Panel, and a technique of Panels is an Array. If you make a decision to include a tracking method in your installation, you will pay an extra upfront expense, but the resulting boost in electricity production can make tracking systems expense-effective for a lot of property owners. As a general rule, most mounting systems require to be far more than 500mm away from any roof edge to comply. 6 shows how solar panels 136 are mounted on and connected to the panel supports by clipping the outer edges 204 of the outer panels to the panel supports utilizing C- clips 206 and screws, and by clipping the interior edges of all of the panels to the panel supports employing panel T-clips 208 and screws. For larger solar panels such as the SunWorks 180 watt panel, take a appear at the big adjustable solar panel mounting frame. SunPower – The most effective panels on the market, their very best solar panels have a conversion price of 22.eight%. A third set of 5ft slotted angle iron pieces can be utilised to make a center crossbeam which is suggested on windy days to help hold the panels in location. To find the smaller contractors that generally supply reduce costs, you are going to require to use an installer network like EnergySage You can obtain free of charge quotes from vetted installers regional to you when you register your property on our Solar Marketplace – home owners who get 3 or far more quotes can expect to save $5,000 to $10,000 on their solar panel installation. 15 The Spectrolab scientists also predict that concentrator solar cells could achieve efficiencies of much more than 45% or even 50% in the future, with theoretical efficiencies becoming about 58% in cells with a lot more than 3 junctions. Evaluations and details on the greatest Solar panels, inverters and batteries from SMA, Fronius, SunPower, SolaX, Q Cells, Trina, Jinko, Selectronic, Tesla Powerwall, ABB.